PowerVR is a division of Imagination Technologies (formerly VideoLogic) that develops hardware and software for 2D and 3D rendering, and for video encoding, decoding, associated image processing and DirectX, OpenGL ES, OpenVG, and OpenCL acceleration.
The PowerVR product line was originally introduced to compete in the desktop PC market for 3D hardware accelerators with a product with a better price–performance ratio than existing products like those from 3dfx Interactive. Rapid changes in that market, notably with the introduction of OpenGL and Direct3D, led to rapid consolidation. PowerVR introduced new versions with low-power electronics that were aimed at the laptop computer market. Over time, this developed into a series of designs that could be incorporated into system-on-a-chip architectures suitable for handheld device use.
PowerVR accelerators are not manufactured by PowerVR, but instead their integrated circuit designs and patents are licensed to other companies, such as Texas Instruments, Intel, NEC, BlackBerry, Renesas, Samsung, STMicroelectronics, Freescale, Apple, NXP Semiconductors (formerly Philips Semiconductors), and many others.
The PowerVR chipset uses a method of 3D rendering known as tile-based deferred rendering (often abbreviated as TBDR) which is tile-based rendering combined with PowerVR's proprietary method of Hidden Surface Removal (HSR) and Hierarchical Scheduling Technology (HST). As the polygon generating program feeds triangles to the PowerVR (driver), it stores them in memory in a triangle strip or an indexed format. Unlike other architectures, polygon rendering is (usually) not performed until all polygon information has been collated for the current frame. Furthermore, the expensive operations of texturing and shading of pixels (or fragments) is delayed, whenever possible, until the visible surface at a pixel is determined — hence rendering is deferred.
In order to render, the display is split into rectangular sections in a grid pattern. Each section is known as a tile. Associated with each tile is a list of the triangles that visibly overlap that tile. Each tile is rendered in turn to produce the final image.
Tiles are rendered using a process similar to ray-casting. Rays are numerically simulated as if cast onto the triangles associated with the tile and a pixel is rendered from the triangle closest to the camera. The PowerVR hardware typically calculates the depths associated with each polygon for one tile row in 1 cycle.
This method has the advantage that, unlike a more traditional early Z rejection based hierarchical systems, no calculations need to be made to determine what a polygon looks like in an area where it is obscured by other geometry. It also allows for correct rendering of partially transparent polygons, independent of the order in which they are processed by the polygon producing application. (This capability was only implemented in Series 2 including Dreamcast and one MBX variant. It is generally not included for lack of API support and cost reasons.) More importantly, as the rendering is limited to one tile at a time, the whole tile can be in fast on-chip memory, which is flushed to video memory before processing the next tile. Under normal circumstances, each tile is visited just once per frame.
PowerVR is a pioneer of tile based deferred rendering. Microsoft also conceptualised the idea with their abandoned Talisman project. Gigapixel, a company that developed IP for tile-based deferred 3D graphics, was purchased by 3dfx, which in turn was subsequently purchased by Nvidia. Nvidia now uses a form of tile rendering in the Maxwell and Pascal microarchitectures.
Intel uses a similar concept in their integrated graphics solutions. However, their method, coined zone rendering, does not perform full hidden surface removal (HSR) and deferred texturing, therefore wasting fillrate and texture bandwidth on pixels that are not visible in the final image.
Recent advances in hierarchical Z-buffering have effectively incorporated ideas previously only used in deferred rendering, including the idea of being able to split a scene into tiles and of potentially being able to accept or reject tile sized pieces of polygon.
Today, the PowerVR software and hardware suite has ASICs for video encoding, decoding and associated image processing. It also has virtualisation, and DirectX, OpenGL ES, OpenVG, and OpenCL acceleration. Newest PowerVR Wizard GPUs have fixed-function Ray Tracing Unit (RTU) hardware and support hybrid rendering.
- All models support DirectX 3.0 and PowerSGL, MiniGL drivers available for select games
- Pixel shaders : Vertex shaders : Texture mapping units : Render output units
- Midas3 is 3-chip (vs. single-chip PCX series) and uses a split memory architecture: 1 MB 32-bit SDRAM (240 MB/s peak bandwidth) for textures and 1 MB 16-bit FPM DRAM for geometry data (and presumably for PCI communication). PCX series has only texture memory.
The second generation PowerVR2 ("PowerVR Series2", chip codename "CLX2") chip found a market in the Dreamcast console between 1998 and 2001. As part of an internal competition at Sega to design the successor to the Saturn, the PowerVR2 was licensed to NEC and was chosen ahead of a rival design based on the 3dfx Voodoo 2. The PowerVR2 was peered with the Hitachi SH-4 in the Dreamcast, with the SH-4 as the T&L geometry engine and the PowerVR2 as the rendering engine. The PowerVR2 also powered the Sega Naomi, the upgraded arcade system board counterpart of the Dreamcast. The quality and performance of the PowerVR was a major step ahead of contemporary PC graphics cards such as the RIVA TNT, Voodoo Banshee and Savage3D. However, the success of the Dreamcast meant that the PC variant, sold as Neon 250, appeared a year late to the market, in late 1999, and was by that time no better than the RIVA TNT2 or Voodoo3, though it managed to remain competitive.
- All models are fabricated with a 250 nm process
- All models support DirectX 6.0
- PMX1 supports PowerSGL 2 and includes a MiniGL driver optimized for Quake 3 Arena
- Pixel shaders : Vertex shaders : Texture mapping units : Render output units
- Fillrate for opaque polygons.
- Fillrate for translucent polygons with hardware sort depth of 60.
- Hitachi SH-4 geometry engine calculates T&L for more than 10 million triangles per second. CLX2 rendering engine throughput is 7 million triangles per second.
In 2001, STMicroelectronics adopted the third generation PowerVR3 for their STG4000 KYRO and STG 4500 KYRO II (displayed) chips. The STM PowerVR3 KYRO II, released in 2001, was able to rival the more expensive ATI Radeon DDR and NVIDIA GeForce 2 GTS on high in graphic benchmarks of the time, despite not having hardware transform and lighting (T&L). As games were increasingly optimized for hardware T&L, the KYRO II lost its performance advantage.
- All models support DirectX 6.0
STM's STG5000 chip, based upon the PowerVR4, did include hardware T&L but never came to commercial fruition. It and the KYRO 3 (2D/3D AIB) were shelved due to STMicro closing its graphics division.
|MBX Lite||Feb 2001||[email protected] nm?||0/1/1/1||1.0||100||64||7.0, VS 1.1||1.1|
|MBX||Feb 2001||[email protected] nm?||0/1/1/1||1.68||150||64||7.0, VS 1.1||1.1|
PowerVR achieved great success in the mobile graphics market with its low power PowerVR MBX. MBX, and its SGX successors, are licensed by seven of the top ten semiconductor manufacturers including Intel, Texas Instruments, Samsung, NEC, NXP Semiconductors, Freescale, Renesas and Sunplus. The chips are in use in many high-end cellphones including the original iPhone, Nokia N95, Sony Ericsson P1 and Motorola RIZR Z8, as well as some iPods.
There are two variants: MBX and MBX Lite. Both have the same feature set. MBX is optimized for speed and MBX Lite is optimized for low power consumption. MBX can be paired up with an FPU, Lite FPU, VGP Lite and VGP.
PowerVR Video Cores (MVED/VXD) and Video/Display Cores (PDP)
The SGX GPU core is included in several popular systems-on-chip (SoC) used in many portable devices. Apple uses the A4 (manufactured by Samsung) in their iPhone 4, iPad, iPod touch, and Apple TV, and uses the Apple S1 in the Apple Watch. Texas Instruments' OMAP 3 and 4 series SoC's are used in the Amazon's Kindle Fire HD 8.9", Barnes and Noble's Nook HD(+), BlackBerry PlayBook, Nokia N9, Nokia N900, Sony Ericsson Vivaz, Motorola Droid/Milestone, Motorola Defy, Motorola RAZR D1/D3, Droid Bionic, Archos 70, Palm Pre, Samsung Galaxy SL, Galaxy Nexus, Open Pandora, and others. Samsung produces the Hummingbird SoC and uses it in their Samsung Galaxy S, Galaxy Tab, Samsung Wave S8500 Samsung Wave II S8530 and Samsung Wave III S860 devices. Hummingbird is also in Meizu M9 smartphone.
Intel uses the SGX540 in its Medfield platform.
|SGX520||Jul 2005||[email protected] nm||1/1||7||100||32-128||2.0||N/A||N/A||0.8||200|
|SGX530||Jul 2005||[email protected] nm||2/1||14||200||32-128||2.0||N/A||N/A||1.6||200|
|SGX531||Oct 2006||65 nm||2/1||14||200||32-128||2.0||N/A||N/A||1.6||200|
|SGX535||Nov 2007||65 nm||2/2||14||400||32-128||2.0||2.1||9.0c||1.6||200|
|SGX540||Nov 2007||65 nm||4/2||20||400||32-128||2.0||2.1||N/A||3.2||200|
|SGX545||Jan 2010||[email protected] nm||4/2||40||400||32-128||2.0||3.2||10.1||3.2||200|
PowerVR Series5XT SGX chips are multi-core variants of the SGX series with some updates. It is included in the PlayStation Vita portable gaming device with the MP4+ Model of the PowerVR SGX543, the only intended difference, aside from the + indicating features customized for Sony, is the cores, where MP4 denotes 4 cores (quad-core) whereas the MP8 denotes 8 cores (octo-core). The Allwinner A31 (quad-core mobile application processor) features the dual-core SGX544 MP2. The Apple iPad 2 and iPhone 4S with the A5 SoC also feature a dual-core SGX543MP2. The iPad (3rd generation) A5X SoC features the quad-core SGX543MP4. The iPhone 5 A6 SoC features the tri-core SGX543MP3. The iPad (4th generation) A6X SoC features the quad-core SGX554MP4. The Exynos variant of the Samsung Galaxy S4 sports the tri-core SGX544MP3 clocked at 533 MHz.
|SGX543||Jan 2009||1-16||[email protected] nm||4/2||35||3.2||?||128-256||?||2.0||2.0?||1.1||9.0 L1||6.4|
|SGX544||Jun 2010||1-16||[email protected] nm||4/2||35||3.2||?||128-256||?||2.0||0.0||1.1||9.0 L3||6.4|
|SGX554||Dec 2010||1-16||[email protected] nm||8/2||35||3.2||?||128-256||?||2.0||2.1||1.1||9.0 L3||12.8|
These GPU can be used in either single-core or multi-core configurations.
Introduced in 2014, the PowerVR GX5300 GPU is based on the SGX architecture and is the world’s smallest Android-capable graphics core, with substantial improvements in efficiency, providing an ideal low-power solution for entry-level smartphones, wearables, IoT and other small footprint embedded applications, including enterprise devices such as printers.
PowerVR Series6 GPUs are based on an evolution of the SGX architecture codenamed Rogue. ST-Ericsson (now defunct) announced that its Nova application processors would include Imagination’s next-generation PowerVR Series6 architecture. MediaTek announced the quad-core MT8135 system on a chip (SoC) (two ARM Cortex-A15 and two ARM Cortex-A7 cores) for tablets. Renesas announced its R-Car H2 SoC includes the G6400. Allwinner Technology A80 SoC, (4 Cortex-A15 and 4 Cortex-A7) that is available in the Onda V989 tablet, features a PowerVR G6230 GPU. The Apple A7 SoC integrates a graphics processing unit (GPU) which AnandTech believes to be a PowerVR G6430 in a four cluster configuration.
PowerVR Series 6 GPUs have 2 TMUs/cluster.
|G6100||Feb 2013||1||[email protected] nm||1/4||16||?||2.4||2.4||128||?||1.0||3.1||2.x||1.2||9.0 L3||38.4(FP32) / 57.6(FP16)|
|G6200||Jan 2012||2||[email protected] nm||2/2||32||?||2.4||2.4||?||?||3.1||3.2||1.2||10.0||76.8/76.8|
|G6230||Jun 2012||2||[email protected] nm||2/2||32||?||2.4||2.4||?||?||3.1||3.2||1.2||10.0||76.8 / 115.2|
|G6400||Jan 2012||4||[email protected] nm||4/2||64||?||4.8||4.8||?||?||3.1||3.2||1.2||10.0||153.6/153.6|
|G6430||Jun 2012||4||[email protected] nm||4/2||64||?||4.8||4.8||?||?||3.1||3.2||1.2||10.0||153.6 / 230.4|
|G6630||Nov 2012||6||[email protected] nm||6/2||96||?||7.2||7.2||?||?||3.1||3.2||1.2||10.0||230.4 / 345.6|
PowerVR Series6XE GPUs are based around Series6 and designed as entry-level chips aimed at offering roughly the same fillrate compared to the Series5XT series. They however feature refreshed API support such as Vulkan, OpenGL ES 3.1, OpenCL 1.2 and DirectX 9.3 (9.3 L3). Rockchip and Realtek have used Series6XE GPUs in their SoCs.
PowerVR Series 6XE GPUs were announced on January 6, 2014.
|G6050||Jan 2014||0.5||[email protected] nm||?/?||?||?||??||?||?||?||1.0||3.1||3.2||1.2||9.0 L3||?? / ??|
|G6060||Jan 2014||0.5||[email protected] nm||?/?||?||?||??||?||?||?||3.1||3.2||1.2||9.0 L3||?? / ??|
|G6100 (XE)||Jan 2014||1||[email protected] nm||?/?||?||?||??||?||?||?||3.1||3.2||1.2||9.0 L3||38.4|
|G6110||Jan 2014||1||[email protected] nm||?/?||?||?||??||?||?||?||3.1||3.2||1.2||9.0 L3||38.4|
PowerVR Series6XT GPUs aims at reducing power consumption further through die area and performance optimization providing a boost of up to 50% compared to Series6 GPUs. Those chips sport PVR3C triple compression system-level optimizations and Ultra HD deep color. The Apple iPhone 6, iPhone 6 Plus and iPod Touch (6th generation) with the A8 SoC feature the quad-core GX6450. The MediaTek MT8173 and Renesas R-Car H3 SoCs use Series6XT GPUs.
PowerVR Series 6XT GPUs were unveiled on January 6, 2014.
|GX6240||Jan 2014||2||[email protected] nm||1.0||?/?||?||?||??||?||?||1.0||3.1||3.2||1.2||10.0||83.2 / 166.4|
|GX6250||Jan 2014||2||[email protected] nm||?/?||?||?||??||?||?||?||3.1||3.2||1.2||10.0||83.2/166.4|
|GX6450||Jan 2014||4||[email protected] nm||?/?||?||?||??||?||?||?||3.1||3.2||1.2||10.0
|GX6650||Jan 2014||6||[email protected] nm||?/?||?||?||??||?||?||?||3.1||3.2||1.2||10.0||250/500|
PowerVR Series7XE GPUs are available in half cluster and single cluster configurations, enabling the latest games and apps on devices which require high quality UIs at optimum price points.
PowerVR Series 7XE GPUs were announced on 10 November 2014. When announced, the 7XE series contained the smallest Android Extension Pack compliant GPU.
|GE7400||Nov 2014||0.5||1.0||3.1||1.2 embedded profile||9.0 L3||19.2|
PowerVR Series7XT GPUs are available in configurations ranging from two to 16 clusters, offering dramatically scalable performance from 100 GFLOPS to 1.5 TFLOPS. Use in The Apple iPhone 6s and iPhone 6s Plus model year 2015-2016.
PowerVR Series 7XT GPUs were unveiled on 10 November 2014.
|GT7200||Nov 2014||2||2/4||64/128||1.0||3.1||3.3 (4.4 optional)||1.2 embedded profile (FP optional)||10.0 (11.2 optional)||83.2 / 166.4||102.5 / 205||128 / 256|
|GT7400||Nov 2014||4||4/8||128/256||166.5 / 333||205 / 410||256 / 512|
|GT7600||Nov 2014||6||6/12||192/384||250 / 500||308 / 616||384 / 768|
|GT7800||Nov 2014||8||8/16||256/512||333 / 666||410 / 820||512 / 1024|
|GT7900||Nov 2014||16||16/32||512/1024||666 / 1332||819.2 / 1638.4||1024 / 2048|
Series7XT Plus (Rogue)
PowerVR Series7XT Plus GPUs are an evolution of the Series7XT family and add specific features designed to accelerate computer vision on mobile and embedded devices, including new INT16 and INT8 data paths that boost performance by up to 4x for OpenVX kernels. Further improvements in shared virtual memory also enable OpenCL 2.0 support.
PowerVR Series 7XT Plus GPUs were announced on International CES, Las Vegas – 6 January 2016.
Series7XT Plus achieve up to 4x performance increase for vision applications.
|GT7200 Plus||January 2016||2||?||2/4||64/128||1.0||3.2||3.3 (4.4 optional)||1.0.1||2.0||??||128 / 256|
|GT7400 Plus||January 2016||4||?||4/8||128/256||256 / 512|
|GT7600 Plus||June 2016||6||10 nm||6/12||192/384||1.0||3.2||4.4||1.0.1||2.0||12||384 / 768|
The GPUs are designed to offer improved in-system efficiency, improved power efficiency and reduced bandwidth for vision and computational photography in consumer devices, mid-range and mainstream smartphones, tablets and automotive systems such as advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS), infotainment, computer vision and advanced processing for instrument clusters.
The new GPUs include new feature set enhancements with a focus on next-generation compute:
Up to 4x higher performance for OpenVX/vision algorithms compared to the previous generation through improved integer (INT) performance (2x INT16; 4x INT8) Bandwidth and latency improvements through shared virtual memory (SVM) in OpenCL 2.0 Dynamic parallelism for more efficient execution and control through support for device enqueue in OpenCL 2.0
PowerVR Series8XE GPUs support OpenGL ES 3.2 and Vulkan 1.x and are available in 4 pixel/clock and 2 pixel/clock configurations, enabling the latest games and apps and further driving down the cost of high quality UIs on cost sensitive devices.
PowerVR Series 8XE were announced February 22, 2016 at the Mobile World Congress 2016. There are an iteration of the Rogue microarchitecture and target entry-level SoC GPU market. New GPUs improve the performance/mm2 for the smallest silicon footprint and power profile, while also incorporating hardware virtualization and multi-domain security.Newer model were later release in January 2017, with a new low end and high end part.
|GE8100||January 2017||?||?||?||?||1.0||3.2||?||1.1||1.2 EP||?||? / ?|
|GE8200||February 2016||0.5||?||?||1.3GP/sec||20.8 / 41.6|
|GE8300||February 2016||1||?||?||2.6GP/sec||41.6 / 83.2|
|GE8310||February 2016||?||?||?||?||? / ?|
|GE8430||January 2017||?||?||?||?||? / ?|
Series8XE Plus (Rogue)
PowerVR Series 8XE Plus were announced January 2017. There are an iteration of the Rogue microarchitecture and target the mid range SoC GPU market, targeting 1080p. The 8XE Plus remains focused on die size and performance per unit
|GE8320||January 2017||2||?||?||1.0||3.2||?||1.1||1.2 EP||?||41.6 / 83.2|
|GE8325||January 2017||?||?||?||? / ?|
|GE8340||January 2017||4||?||?||83.2 / 166.4|
Announced on 8 March 2017, Furian is the first new PowerVR architecture since Rogue was introduced five years earlier.
PowerVR Series 8XT were announced March 8, 2017. It's the first series GPU's based on the new Furian architecture. According to Imagination, GFLOPS/mm2 is improved 35% and Fill rate/mm is improved 80% compared to the 7XT Plus series on the same node. Specific designs aren't announced as of March 2017.
- Official Imgtec data
- USSE (Universal Scalable Shader Engine) lanes/TMUs
- USSE2 (Universal Scalable Shader Engine 2) lanes/TMUs
- USC (Unified Shading Cluster) lanes/TMUs per cluster
- All models support Tile based deferred rendering (TBDR)
|Texas Instruments||OMAP 3420||SGX530||?||?|
|OMAP 3530||110 MHz||0.88|
|Sitara AM335x||200 MHz||1.6|
|Texas Instruments||Integra C6A8168||SGX530||?||?|
|Texas Instruments||DM3730||SGX530||200 MHz||1.6|
|Intel||CE 3100 (Canmore)||SGX535||?||?|
|SCH US15/W/L (Poulsbo)||?||?|
|CE4110 (Sodaville)||200 MHz||1.6|
|CE4150 (Sodaville)||400 MHz||3.2|
|Apple||April 3, 2010||Apple A4 (iPhone 4)||SGX535||200 MHz||1.6|
|Apple A4 (iPad)||250 MHz||2.0|
|SH-Mobile APE4 (R8A73720)||?||?|
|R-Car E2 (R8A7794)||?||?|
|Samsung||2010||Exynos 3110||SGX540||200 MHz||3.2|
|Texas Instruments||Q1 2011||OMAP 4430||SGX540||307 MHz||4.9|
|OMAP 4460||384 MHz||6.1|
|Intel||Q1 2013||Atom Z2420||SGX540||400 MHz||6.4|
|Actions Semiconductor||ATM7021||SGX540||500 MHz||8.0|
|Apple||November 13, 2014||Apple S1 (Apple Watch)||SGX543||?||?|
|March 11, 2011||Apple A5 (iPhone 4S, iPod touch 5th)||SGX543 MP2||200 MHz||12.8|
|March 2012||Apple A5 (iPad 2, iPad mini)||250 MHz||16.0|
|MediaTek||MT5327||SGX543 MP2||400 MHz||25.6|
|Renesas||R-Car H1 (R8A77790)||SGX543 MP2||?||?|
|Apple||September 12, 2012||Apple A6 (iPhone 5, iPhone 5C)||SGX543 MP3||250 MHz||24.0|
|March 7, 2012||Apple A5X (iPad 3rd)||SGX543 MP4||32.0|
|Sony||CXD53155GG (PS Vita)||SGX543 MP4+||41-222 MHz||5.248-28.416|
|NovaThor L8540||500 MHz||16|
|NovaThor L8580||600 MHz||19.2|
|MediaTek||July 2013||MT6589M||SGX544||156 MHz||5|
|March 2013||MT6589||286 MHz||9.2|
|July 2013||MT6589T||357 MHz||11.4|
|Texas Instruments||Q2 2012||OMAP 4470||SGX544||384 MHz||13.8|
|Actions Semiconductor||ATM7039||SGX544||450 MHz||16.2|
|Allwinner||Allwinner A31||SGX544 MP2||300 MHZ||19.2|
|Intel||Q2 2013||Atom Z2520||SGX544 MP2||300 MHz||21.6|
|Atom Z2560||400 MHz||25.6|
|Atom Z2580||533 MHz||34.1|
|Texas Instruments||Q2 2013||OMAP 5430||SGX544 MP2||533 MHZ||34.1|
|Allwinner||Allwinner A83T||SGX544 MP2||700 MHz||44.8|
|Samsung||Q2 2013||Exynos 5410||SGX544 MP3||533 MHz||51.1|
|Intel||Atom Z2460||SGX545||533 MHz||8.5|
|Apple||October 23, 2012||Apple A6X (iPad 4th)||SGX554 MP4||300 MHz||76.8|
|Apple||September, 2016||Apple S2 (Apple Watch Series 2)||Series6 (G6050 ?)||?||?|
|MediaTek||Q1 2014||MT6595M||G6200 (2 Clusters)||450 MHz||57.6|
|Q4 2014||Helio X10 (MT6795M)||550 MHz||70.4|
|Helio X10 (MT6795T)|
|Q1 2014||MT6595||600 MHz||76.8|
|LG||Q1 2012||LG H13||G6200 (2 Clusters)||600 MHz||76.8|
|Allwinner||Allwinner A80||G6230 (2 Clusters)||533 MHz||68.0|
|Actions Semiconductor||ATM9009||G6230 (2 Clusters)||600 MHz||76.8|
|MediaTek||Q1 2015||MT8173||GX6250 (2 Clusters)||600 MHz||76.8|
|Q1 2016||MT8176||700 MHz||89.6|
|Intel||Q1 2014||Atom Z3460||G6400 (4 Clusters)||533 MHz||136.4|
|Renesas||R-Car H2 (R8A7790x)||G6400 (4 Clusters)||600 MHz||153.6|
|R-Car H3 (R8A7795)||GX6650 (6 Clusters)||230.4|
|Apple||September 10, 2013||Apple A7 (iPhone 5S, iPad Air, iPad mini 2,||G6430 (4 Clusters)||450 MHz||115.2|
|Intel||Q2 2014||Atom Z3530||G6430 (4 Clusters)||457 MHz||117|
|Atom Z3560||533 MHz||136.4|
|Q3 2014||Atom Z3570|
|Q2 2014||Atom Z3580|
|Apple||September 9, 2014||Apple A8 (iPhone 6 / 6 Plus, iPad mini 4, Apple TV 4th,||GX6450 (4 Clusters)||533 MHz||136.4|
|October 16, 2014||Apple A8X (iPad Air 2)||GX6850 (8 Clusters)||272.9|
|September 9, 2015||Apple A9 (iPhone 6S / 6S Plus, iPhone SE, iPad 7th)||Series 7XT GT7600 (6 Clusters)||450 MHz||173|
|Apple A9X (iPad Pro)||Series 7XT GT7800 (12 Clusters)||467 MHz||360|
|September 7, 2016||Apple A10 Fusion (iPhone 7 / 7 Plus)||Series 7XT GT7600 (6 Clusters)||670 MHz||257|
|MediaTek||Q1 2017||Helio X30 (MT6799)||Series 7XT GT7400 Plus (4 Clusters)||820 MHz||210|
|Apple||June 5, 2017||Apple A10X (iPad Pro 10.5, iPad Pro 12.9 2nd. gen)||12 core||?||?|
- Adreno – GPU developed by Qualcomm
- Mali – available as SIP block to 3rd parties
- Vivante – available as SIP block to 3rd parties
- Tegra – family of SoCs for mobile computers, the graphics core could be available as SIP block to 3rd parties
- VideoCore – family of SOCs, by Broadcom, for mobile computers, the graphics core could be available as SIP block to 3rd parties
- Atom family of SoCs – with Intel graphics core, not licensed to 3rd parties
- AMD mobile APUs – with AMD graphics core, not licensed to 3rd parties